Analyze the political institutions and practices of the Athenian city-state. What distinguished it from other political systems that we have studied so far in this section of the course, including the cosmopolitan cities of the Macedonians during the Hellenistic period?
The culture of Athens differed from other Greek city-states by the way that Athenians valued knowledge and learning. Athens was also a democracy, unlike several other Greek city-states. Athens's main focus was educating boys and young men and for them to take an active role in pubic affairs.
The most important areas of Greek achievement were math and science. They achieved all kinds of things in the areas of psychology, astronomy, geometry, biology, physics, and medicine.