● The presence or absence of European settlers in African colony greatly influenced the rate and the pattern of decolonization irrespective of who was the colonizer. Examples include British approaches to Gold Coast, Nigeria, Uganda, Cameron etc. On one hand, and Kenya as well Southern Rhodesia on the other hand.
Provide five new examples of decolonization in Africa to support or challenge the statement above. Specifically, give more details about the colonies and the colonizers and the approaches involved in the decolonization.
Decolonization in Africa
Decolonization is the act of freeing colonists. In Africa, colonialists caused violence, political instability, and unrest to the countries. During the Second World War, some countries began to decolonize themselves after millions of European people and plans began to shrink due to currency problems. They were few countries that decolonized. First, there are Algerians who fought the French out of their country. Secondly, Angola had to resist Portuguese colonization. Thirdly, Guinea had to break ties with the French colonists and faced close to 10 years of struggle before they rebuilt a ruling party in their country. Fourthly, Mali faced challenges to fight the French too out of their country. They emerged victorious in the 1960s and decolonized from France colonists. Lastly, Congo has fought for decolonization since the 1950s (Rich, 2020). They faced confrontations from the United States and the Soviet Union but managed to set themselves free in the 1960s.
Rich, J. (2020). Dag Hammarskjöld, The United Nations and the Decolonisation of Africa by Henning Melber. African Studies Review, 63(4), E31-E33.