what was the USSR equivalent of nato in 1955?
The Warsaw Pact, formed in May 1955, was the USSR equivalent of NATO. The treaty was signed in Warsaw, Poland between the Soviet Union and seven other European socialist republics. The military alliance came into existence as a counterweight to NATO after West Germany joined NATO. Following earlier occurrences of Nazi Germany occupation, the USSR was afraid of the reemergence of military Germany. It had at first requested to also join NATO in 1954, a proposal which was met with rejection by the former allied powers. Resultantly, USSR and seven other countries of the Eastern Bloc formed the Warsaw Pact. Albania and East Germany later withdrew from the Pact and the remaining six countries ended the military alliance in 1991.