How did agricultural societies differ from nomadic ones? What were the major long-range impacts of the emergence and expansion of agriculture-how did it change and influence society? What were some characteristics of agricultural societies? What were the pros and cons of agriculture?
On one hand, the Nomadic society entails the members of gathering and hunting societies. Therefore, they primarily survive by fishing, hunting animals, and gathering plants. On the other hand, agricultural societies use science and technological advances to cultivate crops and rear animals over a large area. Hence, they fed on the agricultural produce.
It led to increases in food supplies then led to larger populations than in earlier communities. Besides, greater notches of social stratification occurred in agricultural societies. As towns and villages expanded into neighboring areas, conflicts and disputes with other communities inevitably occurred.
The key features of agricultural societies are that the wealth, economy, and society are positioned mainly on agriculture. Animal and human labor, including machinery are the key tools used for agricultural production. Finally, such societies embrace a division of labor with members specializing in explicit tasks.
The pros of agriculture include it promotes lesser costs while increasing higher gains, creates employment opportunities, increases food production, and encourages lower costs of production. The cons of agriculture include the use of pesticides causes health and environmental hazards and is disadvantageous to small farmers.