Why does Interpretation A differ from Interpretation B about the New Deal?
Interpretation A From The Roosevelt I Knew by Frances Perkins (1946); Perkins was a member of the Democratic Party and Secretary of Labour in Roosevelt’s New Deal government
The New Deal meant that ordinary people would have a better chance in life. Roosevelt understood the suffering of the Depression had fallen on those people least able to bear it. He knew that the rich had been hard hit too, but at least they had something left. But the ordinary shopkeeper, the ordinary householder, the farmer who worked the soil himself, the man who worked for wages- these people were desperate. The idea was that all these forces of the community should be directed by marking life better for ordinary people.
Interpretation B Adapted from a speech by S.B. Fuller in 1980; he was a self-made, African-American businessman and a Republican
The New Deal of Franklin Roosevelt hurt us. He was a rich man’s son. All he received was given to him. So he thinks it’s right to give. He didn’t understand that when you give to people, you hurt them. We had soup lines and the Depression because men lost confidence in themselves. A dog you feed will not hunt. If you want a dog who hunts, you have to let him go hungry. You’re free to eat if you pay for your food, and you’re free to starve if you don’t.
Interpretation A supports Roosevelt's New Deal and how it benefitted every ordinary person while interpretation B criticizes the New Deal suggesting that it made people lazy to work and provide for themselves by depending on free products.