Answer to Question #166897 in History for william

Question #166897

Formation of NATO and Warsaw Impact:

  1. Describe NATO 1949? Who are the members?
  2. Describe Warsaw Pact? Who are the members?
Expert's answer

HISTORY- Q166897

  1. Describe NATO 1949? Who are the members?

NATO is the short form for North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This was a North Atlantic Ocean bordering coalition of 30 nations. It was founded in 1949 to provide collective protection in the face of the Soviet Union's threat. Article 5 of NATO's charter, which specifies that an armed assault on one member nation is considered an attack on all, is one of the organization's founding principles.

NATO Alliance members included the United States, most European Union members, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Turkey. Two of the 30 member countries (Canada and the United States) are in North America, 28 are in Europe, and one (Turkey) is in both Europe and Asia. Except for Iceland, which does not have a traditional army, all members have militaries. Three NATO members have nuclear weapons: France, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

2.     Describe Warsaw Pact? Who are the members?

The Warsaw Pact was a joint defense treaty negotiated by the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe on 14 May 1955. Officially known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance, the Warsaw Pact's official goals were to ensure the security of its member states and to improve military cooperation. Immediately following West Germany's entry to the Alliance. It was a complement to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, a regional economic organization founded by the Soviet Union for communist states in Central and Eastern Europe in January 1949. The members of Warsaw pact are; Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union (Albania withdrawn in 1968).

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