Answer to Question #164768 in History for Billy

Question #164768

1.Describe two examples of how Mazzini and Young Italy failed to accomplish what they set out to change inside of Italy.

2.How did Mazzini and Young Italy establish the foundation of Italian unification while not directly succeeding themselves?

3.How did Cavour utilize his newspaper IL Risorgimento to encourage change?

4.Describe the modernization efforts of Cavour after gaining the role of prime minister in Sardinia-Piedmont.

5.Explain why Cavour partners with France during the unification movement.

6.What events led to Cavour and Garibaldi cooperating rather than being enemies?

7.Describe the role Garibaldi played in the Young Italy and his partnership with Mazzini?

8.Upon Garibaldi’s return to Italy, his army of Red Shirts did not march on Rome and Cavour’s forces. Why is this event significant?

Expert's answer

1 The obstacles in the way of Italian unification were: Language: The Italian language had not acquired one common form and still had many regional and local variations. Disintegration: Italy was divided into seven states, of which only one, Sardinia-Piedmont, was ruled by an Italian princely house.

Young ItalyItalian Giovine Italia, movement founded by Giuseppe Mazzini in 1831 to work for a united, republican Italian nation. Attracting many Italians to the cause of independence, it played an important role in the Risorgimento (struggle for Italian unification).

3 Cavour's political ability and rhetorical competence made the newspaper a focus for intellectuals and scholars, intrigued by the ideals shown, and even people who couldn't read were aware of the velocity, competence, and accuracy of the reported news.

4 devoted himself to the liberation of northern Italy from Austrian domination. A brilliant and steadfast diplomat, he played a leading role in the unification of Italy.

5 France played a major role in helping the Italian unification, especially in the defeat of the Austrian Empire, as well as in financial support

Franco-Austrian War, 1859.

  • Proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy, 1861.
  • U.S. Recognition of Italian Independence, 1861.
  • Addition of Venetia, 1866.
  • Incorporation of Rome, 1870.
  • U.S. Legation to the Kingdom of Italy moves to Florence and then Rome, 1865-71.

7 Giuseppe Garibaldi was a military leader who led a movement that united Italy in the mid-1800s. He stood in opposition to the oppression of the Italian people, and his revolutionary instincts inspired people on both sides of the Atlantic.


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