Explain The “Neolithic” origins of agriculture in Eurasia, Africa, the Americas; first staple crops and domesticated animals; the role of climate change in the transition to farming.
Neolithic revolution sometimes referred to as the Agricultural revolution was witnessed by people turning to settlement and Agriculture. It occurred in different places such as Eurasia, Africa, and America. After gaining momentum by agriculture, selective breeding of grasses was done for domestication. Some of the pioneer plants to be domesticated included barley, einkorn, and emmer. In Africa, the Neolithic revolution dates back to 7000 BP. Some of the first crops to be domesticated include plantains, bananas, yams, and taro. Squash, beans, and corn (maize) were among crops to be domesticated first in Mesoamerica. After the Neolithic revolution began, there later followed a second phase referred to as the revolution of the secondary products. Animals that were providers of meat were the ones to be firstly domesticated. They included cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs. With climate change, hunting and gathering become an inefficient way to support the growing population. In order to ensure sustainability, the transition to farming took place.