Answer to Question #162108 in History for Leola Layan

Question #162108

Amazon History

Expert's answer

Amazon, in Greek mythology, refers to a member of a race of women warriors. The Amazons were a group of warlike women who matched man in their physical agility, thus famous for their courage, pride, warfare, hunting and great riding skills. They specifically lived in the city-state of Themiskyra on the Black Sea, modern day Ukraine. Amazon women were the daughters of Ares, the god of war. They belonged to a women-only society where men were only allowed for breeding purposes. They only raised daughters and killed their sons or returned them to their fathers. In art, they are depicted riding a horse and wearing hoplite armor. They conducted several military discourses commanded by their queen in areas such as Scythia, Aegean Islands and Asia Minor. They most famously won and lost different battles against renowned Greek heroes: Hercules, Bellerophen and Theseus. Scenes from the mythological battles became a sought after in Greek art. They also contributed to building of various ancient societies. Archaeological excavation of ancient tombs especially in Ukraine and Kazakhstan has revealed likelihood that most of these women were warriors. 

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