what did societies in Europe and America change from and to, during the Industrial Revolution?
Societies in Europe and America transitioned from rural, agrarian societies to urban, industrialized ones during the Industrial Revolution. The transition was characterized by a shift from hand production techniques to use of machines in factories. The Revolution, which began in Britain and spread to America and the rest of Europe, was influenced by evolving use of steam power. The craft techniques in agrarian societies could not meet the growing demand of textile production, which was the biggest industry at that time. New innovations led to increased use of steam power and water power, rise of iron production methods and a mechanized factory system that was more efficient in terms of faster cloth production, required less labor and saved on time.