Answer to Question #136890 in History for Siyabonga

Question #136890
Causes and course of french revolution
1
Expert's answer
2020-10-05T06:48:52-0400

The most important causes of the French Revolution were:

1. The nation's debt.

2.The refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes.

3. Egalitarian philosophies.

4. High food costs.

The course of the French Revolution had four stages, namely;

1.National Assembly

(1789-1791)

•third estate takes tennis court oath

•storming of the Bastille July 14th, 1789

•Declaration of the rights of man is made

•National Assembly sellers church lands and puts Catholic Church under state control

•Paris commune emerges

•constitution of 1791 limits monarchy and Legislative assembly is created


2.Legislative Assembly (1791-1792)

•legislative assembly declares war on Austria, Prussia, and Britain

•political parties: Jacobins and Girondists 

•commune and Danton takes control of Paris


3.The convention

(1792-1795)

•convention meets on sept 22, 1792

•they abolished the monarchy and declare France a republic 

•Louis XI and Marie Antoinette are guillotined 

•committee of public safety is set up

•Robespierre leads Reign of Terror

•40,000 people executed


4.The directory (1795-1799)

•executive and legislative government 

•more reforms 

•corrupt leaders 

•Moderate constitution of 1795

•nationalism developed





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