Ancient Egypt was ruled through central administration, whereby the Egyptian kings controlled economic, political, and military issues. Smaller states arose during the reign of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom, which conquered the Old Kingdom. This rise followed the erosion of Pharaoh’s authority and the accompanying growing power of priesthood and nobility. Egyptians had developed writing skills as we. Similarly, Asia’s primary state was Uruk and the Sumerian people controlled the state. New territories arose due to leadership conflicts that introduced independent rules and power. The Nile River, which could suffice agricultural production is also attributed to state formation.