Sugar colonies are large sugar plantations that were cultivated, grown and harvested by African slaves. The sugar was mainly for export. Sugar plantations were established in the 1800s. The increasing number of slaves allowed the expansion of the sugar colonies. In 1807, a bill was passed to abolish slave trade. This brought rebellion in the colonies and it hence caused destination of sugar supply. Shortage of sugar led to planting of sugar beets, which do better in temperate climate.
Sugarcane is known to be sweeter than sugar beet.
√ The Europeans had to plant sugar beets as sugarcane would only grow in the tropical regions.
√Sugar beets were too expensive compared to sugarcane and slowly by slowly countries in the tropical region pushed out the Europeans from the sugar business.
√ Countries that were importing raw sugar from Europe now imported from the nations in the tropical regions.
√The sugarcane trading routes left out the European nations.