The Trans-Saharan trade entail the mass movement of people and goods across the north and south (Sahara) to reach sub-Saharan Africa via the N.E. coast, Europe to the Levant and the Mediterranean. The most thing to note in the trade is the rise of the Islam in the 6th century, that of the ancient Roman empire, and the Greeks under Herodotus dating back on the 425 BCE. Despite the large geography and harsh natural extremes, the Sahara became a renowned region of civilization. The era marked not only the commercial and cultural exchange in 8th century AD but also the epitome of early inventions. For instance, the use of chariots accustomed to the Garamantes led to the invention of the wheel. Furthermore, impact brought in by the Graeco-Roman artifacts and objects as discovered by archeologists has had a great impact in the contemporary meaning of the society. Precisely, culture, heritage, and identity of the West Africans can vividly be defined using the history of the Saharan trade. As a result, the present-day society in West Africa can be defined using the era and history of Trans-Saharan trade.