The Bay of Pigs refers to the failed attempt by Cuban exiles to attack Cuba in 1961. The incident occurred during the presidential administration of John F. Kennedy, who approved the invasion. Fidel Castro had instituted several revolutions while he was the prime minister in Cuba. However, the US government financed Fidel’s opponents to conduct a landing operation at the Southwestern coast of Cuba. The operation occurred at the height of the Cold War, and it failed leading to major transformations in international relationships between the US, Cuba, and the Soviet Union.