How did the Anschluss lead to a refugee crisis?
The entry of Germany troops in Austria on March 12, 1938, immersed the country in the stagnation of the economy, political dictatorship, and Nazi propaganda, which lead to the refugee crisis among Germany Jewish.
How did other countries respond to the refugee crisis? What reasons did they give? What determined whether or not countries were willing to accept Jewish refugees?
South Africa and Palestine responded to the Germany Jewish crisis by limiting the number that was admitted to enter the countries, and Great Britain and Canada allowed only a small amount of refugees to avoid overpopulation in their countries. However, the nations were not willing to accept the Jewish refugee since they were large in number.
How would you interpret the Fortune poll taken in July 1938? What does it suggest about the United States’ universe of obligation at the time?
The Fortune poll was taken in July 1938, whereby the citizens living outside Poland had to use valid passport so that to be granted the right to return to the country. The use of a valid passport to migrate to Poland or returning to Germany was the government's plan to expose Germany Jewish to brutality. However, the United States’ universe of obligation at the time suggests that the country should expand their circle of care, advocate, and will to sacrifice for other countries in need.
What is the significance of being a “stateless person”? What does it mean for a nation to withdraw nationality from a group? What are the consequences for individuals when they no longer belong to any country?
A person without a state stays in a vulnerable and risky situation since they lack legal recognition to exercise their rights, and they require diplomatic protection from the government. When a nation withdraws nationality from a group, it means that the individuals have been denied the rights and diplomatic protection by the government. Moreover, when individuals no longer belong to any nation, their ability to enjoy the essential privileges such as education, freedom of movement, health, and employment.
What responsibility do countries have to refugees coming from outside their borders? What factors should the leaders of countries consider when deciding how to respond to a refugee crisis?
The countries should have a long-term development plan for the refugees coming from outside their borders. Furthermore, the factors that countries consider while deciding how to respond to refugee crises include; the number of population, job opportunities, economic, social, political, and religious effects on the country.