Summer in Egypt means oppressive heat and baking sun. Temperatures during the summer months average an impressive 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) but can reach as high as 122 F (50 C). Outside of the main cities, Egyptians live in small desert communities clustered around oases (wells or places where water is found) and transport routes, including the River Nile. Villages of mud-built houses and goat-skin tents are found in the Nile Delta.
Large extended families of three or four generations live together in one house. Using wooden moulds, bricks are baked hard in the sun and keep houses cool even in the fierce afternoon heat.
Windows are very narrow to keep out the sun. Homes have very little furniture other than a few wooden chairs. Flat roofs make the most of the breeze and offer a comfortable place to sleep during the hottest months.