Discuss the key reasons behind the problems of Political Parties in Pakistan.
Logically justify each reason.
Pakistan political parties face a lack of internal democracy that is caused by the concentration of power in the hands of the president. Pakistan is still struggling to develop political institutions in its societies. Between 1947 and 1969, the country was governed by the military under authoritarian conditions (Hasnain, 2008). President Ayub Khan still argues that the Western democratic system is hardly suitable for the country, citing that a strong central government ensures political stability and a rapid economic growth rate. He, therefore, together with his government, carries all the tasks of formulating policies rather than having initiatives at the hands of the parliament.
Also, the voters in Pakistan suffer from illiteracy and keep voting for less authentic democratic rulers. The parties do not seem to offer a meaningful choice to their voters (Hasnain, 2008). When the general public is socially deprived, impoverished, and illiterate, it produces opportunistic, incompetent, and corrupt leaders who continue exploiting people and secure votes in the name of democracy. Leaders claim that they are for the people, although they only focus on their self-interests.
Hasnain, Z. (2008). The Politics of Service Delivery in Pakistan: Political Parties and the Incentives for Patronage, 1988-1999. The Pakistan Development Review, 129-151.