The philosophy of community policing guides police management styles and operational
strategies. It emphasises the establishment of police-community partnerships and a problemsolving approach responsive to the needs of the community.
Discuss the concept of community policing briefly under the following headings:
Origin of community policing
Origin of Community Policing
Community policing refers to a system that encourages legislative policies that support and guide the organized use of problem-solving methods and partnerships to proactively address the instantaneous circumstances that bring up public protection and wellbeing issues such as fear of crime, community disorder, and crime. The origin of community policing can be traced back to the period when police decided to increase their involvement in local communities to reduce and deter criminal activities. It began in the 1960s when the concept saw its fair share of gang activities and urban riots. During this time, the law enforcement officers often response to such criminal activities with brute force and this in turn damaged their reputation. Many citizens lost their trust with the police and police departments in their neighborhoods. For this reason, some police departments come to know that the police needed to show their presence to the community and regain their trust. The police then began the development of an increased local community presence. The community policing become a norm in the 1970s a 1980s and more and more police started engaging community members, non profit organizations, businesses, and other organizations to fight crime in combined problem-solving efforts.