Answer to Question #161026 in English for Catto

Question #161026

(Subject EDU410)

Q 1: Define listening and describe its types. Explain teaching principles of listening?

( 8 + 7 = 15 Marks)

Expert's answer

listening - is the apart of the communication process wherein this is said to be the aptitude to precisely interpret and accept messages.

  • Without listening we will not be able to efficiently and effectively communicate with one another.

Types of listening

1.Informational listening

  • is focused mainly on the accumulation of data or information that the speaker is giving.

 2.critical listening

  • This is a mix of evaluating and analyzing the message and not just the accumulation of data but it entails critical thinking. Mostly in in academic contexts

3.empathic listening

  • Being responsive and also being attentive is the key to the definition of emphatic listening. This can be called in two other ways which is active listening and reflective listening.

other types

1.Selective listening – for a specific piece of information

2.Global listening – for overall gist

3.Intensive listening – for precise information and detail

4.Transactional listening – to obtain new information

5.Interactional listening – to maintain social relationships

6.Recreational listening – for relaxation, entertainment

Explain teaching principles of listening?

Teaching principle of listening include:

  • •Pre-listening activities
  • •While listening activities
  • •Post-listening activities

Pre-listening activities Involves: Motivating students by making the topic relevant and interesting. Activating existing knowledge for new knowledge to be built upon. Introducing key vocabulary and key structures, that students need in order to understand the text.

For example, Predicting (eg. “What are these people doing? What are they saying to each other?”), Setting the scene - introduce people/ places (activating schemata), Gist listening and Listening for specific information

While listening activities involves: Activities during which there is no response, like ticking boxes, sequencing, acting, drawing, gap filling, and taking notes.

Post-listening activities include Multiple-choice questions (eg.)

If x+2=5, what is the value of x? 

A. 7

B. 0.4

C. 3

D. 2.5

E. 10

Other activities include Answering questions, Note-taking and gap-filling, Dictogloss (preparation, dictation, reconstruction, correcting), Role play, Debate and Discussion.

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