Q 1: Define listening and describe its types. Explain teaching principles of listening?
( 8 + 7 = 15 Marks)
listening - is the apart of the communication process wherein this is said to be the aptitude to precisely interpret and accept messages.
Types of listening
1.Selective listening – for a specific piece of information
2.Global listening – for overall gist
3.Intensive listening – for precise information and detail
4.Transactional listening – to obtain new information
5.Interactional listening – to maintain social relationships
6.Recreational listening – for relaxation, entertainment
Explain teaching principles of listening?
Teaching principle of listening include:
Pre-listening activities Involves: Motivating students by making the topic relevant and interesting. Activating existing knowledge for new knowledge to be built upon. Introducing key vocabulary and key structures, that students need in order to understand the text.
For example, Predicting (eg. “What are these people doing? What are they saying to each other?”), Setting the scene - introduce people/ places (activating schemata), Gist listening and Listening for specific information
While listening activities involves: Activities during which there is no response, like ticking boxes, sequencing, acting, drawing, gap filling, and taking notes.
Post-listening activities include Multiple-choice questions (eg.)
If x+2=5, what is the value of x?
Other activities include Answering questions, Note-taking and gap-filling, Dictogloss (preparation, dictation, reconstruction, correcting), Role play, Debate and Discussion.