how do playwrights use the format and structure of drama to convey their message?
The structure is how the plot or story of a play is laid out, including a beginning, a middle and an end. Plays may also include subplots , which are smaller stories that allow the audience to follow the journey of different characters and events within the plot. Most plays are formated/organized into acts, the larger sections of text, and scenes, or sections of text within an act.
The order of events occurring in a play make its plot. Essentially, the plot is the story that the play narrates. The entertainment value of a play depends largely on the sequence of events in the story. The connection between the events and the characters in them form an integral part of the plot. What the characters do, how they interact, the course of their lives as narrated by the story, and what happens to them in the end, constitutes the plot. A struggle between two individuals, the relation between them, a struggle with self, a dilemma, or any form of conflict of one character with himself or another character in the play, goes into forming the story's plot. The story unfolds through a series of incidents that share a cause-and-effect relationship. Generally, a story begins with exposing the past or background of the main and other characters, and the point of conflict, then proceeds to giving the central theme or climax. Then come the consequences of the climax and the play ends with a conclusion.