1. Register - the way a speaker uses the language. Example: a formal register – “It is an honor to meet you”.
2. Tone – author’s attitude towards a subject. Example: “The author of the book sounds sympathetic”.
3. Theme - the main idea of the story. Example: Courage and heroism.
4. Setting - the time and place of the story. Example: geographical location such as mountains.
5. Context - circumstances forming a background of an event. Example: a story takes place during the Civil War.