Assimilation is a cognitive process that manages how we take in new information and incorporate that new information into our existing knowledge. This concept was developed by Jean Piaget, a Swiss developmental psychologist who is best known for his theory of cognitive development in children.
So, the correct answer is 4.
Dear Phiora Mashele, thank you for your answer!
The correct answer is 4. Assimilation, which is the way that a person takes in information and makes sense of it.