Answer to Question #59480 in Microeconomics for Nadia
(A) what options are available to firms in the short run to minimise their losses?
(B) Using demand and supply analysis together with the cost curves, explain why the actions to minimise loss lead to firms making profit in the long run?
4. In a market structure where firms are mutually interdependent, price competiton is not common . Explain using the game theory matrix, with relevant assumptions, how firms make decisions when they collusive and non-collusively. In the absence of price competiton, how do firms maintain or increase their market share?
(A) firms with ATC > P > AVC in the short run can minimize their losses producing optimal amount of output at MR = MC to cover their variable costs, and firms with P < AVC should shut down.
(B) If some firms continue to produce covering its variable costs to minimize loss and some firms exit the market, in the long-run market price will increase, which will lead to firms making normal (zero) profit in the long run.
4. In such market firms make decisions according to their agreements when they collusive and according to the real and potential actions of its competitors non-collusively. In the absence of price competiton firms maintain or increase their market share by differentiation of their products, special marketing actions etc.
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