Question #41198

A monopolist can produce at constant average and marginal costs of AC = MC =
9. The firm faces a demand curve given by:
q = 75 – p
a. Calculate the profit‐maximizing price quantity combination for the
monopolist. Also calculate the monopolist’s profits.
b. What output would be produced by this industry under perfect competition?
Show that PM > PC and QC = 2QM.

Expert's answer

AC = MC = 9, q = 75 – p

a. The profit‐maximizing quantity can be found in the point where MR = MC, and the price we can find from the demand curve:

MR = TR' = (p*q)' = (75q - q^2)' = 75 - 2q

MR = MC = 75 - 2q = 9

2q = 66

q = 33 units

p = 75 - 33 = $42

Monopolist’s profit = (p - AC)*q = (42 - 9)*33 = $1089

b. Under perfect competition monopolist will produce output in the point, where demand equals marginal cost:

p = MC = $9

q = 75 - 9 = 66 units

So, PM > PC and QC = 66 = 2QM.

a. The profit‐maximizing quantity can be found in the point where MR = MC, and the price we can find from the demand curve:

MR = TR' = (p*q)' = (75q - q^2)' = 75 - 2q

MR = MC = 75 - 2q = 9

2q = 66

q = 33 units

p = 75 - 33 = $42

Monopolist’s profit = (p - AC)*q = (42 - 9)*33 = $1089

b. Under perfect competition monopolist will produce output in the point, where demand equals marginal cost:

p = MC = $9

q = 75 - 9 = 66 units

So, PM > PC and QC = 66 = 2QM.

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