Answer to Question #30587 in Microeconomics for Alie

Question #30587
What are the key elements of the scientific method and how does this method relate to economic principles and laws?
Expert's answer
The key elements of the scientific method are the observation of real world behavior and outcomes. Based on those observations,
formulating a possible explanation of cause and effect happens which is a hypothesis.
Next, testing this explanation by comparing the outcomes of specific events to
the outcome predicted by the hypothesis. Then, accepting, rejecting, and
modifying the hypothesis, based on these comparisons. Finally, continuing to
test the hypothesis against the facts. If favorable results accumulate, the
hypothesis evolves into a theory. A very well tested and widely accepted theory
is referred to as an economic law or an economic principle. An economic
principle is a statement about economic behavior or the economy that enables
prediction of the probable effects of certain actions.

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