Write the most likely causative microorganism and disease of the following cases and explain sign, symptoms and control measures.
1. Your patient is a 20-year-old woman with the sudden onset of fever to 40 0C and a severe headache. Physical examination reveals nuchal rigidity. You suspect meningitis and do a spinal tap. Gram stain of the spinal fluid reveals many neutrophils and many gram-negative diplococci.
2. A 25-year-old woman with itching, burning at vulva and abnormal white vaginal discharge. Yeasts was observed by microscopic examination of vaginal secretions.
3. Meningitidis developed in the newborn baby within 5 days after birth. While the mother of baby was pregnant, she was consuming unpasteurized milk products .
4. A male patient has a wound infection with blue-greenish colored pus and special smell. This bacteria is gram negative, rod shaped and non- fermentative.
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