Answer to Question #165454 in Biology for Adnan Hussain

Question #165454

A person suffers a car accident and is badly injured, but after some time he recovers almost completely. In thigh muscle, formation of a small bone has occurred during repairing. What type of adaptation it can be and how does it occur?

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Expert's answer

Myositis ossificans is the formation of bone tissue inside muscle tissue after a traumatic injury and is the result of an acute deep-muscle bruise. The process is a process of bones remodelling and is the most common form of heterotopic ossification. The release of inflammatory cytokines in the injured muscles induces the inappropriate response of stem cells in the bone causing differentiation of fibroblasts into osteogenic cells. These mesenchymal stem cells differentiate into chondrocytes and osteoblasts.

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