Describe the type of injuries that may occur to patients in hospitals.
For each injury explain the preventive measures
The possible injuries in hospitals include infections, air or gas bubbles in the blood (air embolism), falls, and other traumatic injuries (broken or dislocated bones, crushing injuries, or burns). Infections can be prevented by the use of sterile equipment with the isolation of the infected. In the case of air embolism, if the air is noted entering the arterial system, the flush should be stopped immediately and the rotating hemostatic valve should be fully opened. The arterial pressure should be allowed to passively push the air back out. Finally, the provision of mobility aids, minimizing clutter, clear signage coupled with attention to appropriate footwear, spectacles, and hearing aids are possible ways of preventing hospital falls.