Answer to Question #156791 in Biology for aliya

Question #156791

1.     Describe the functions of the hypothalamus and hippocampus. What part of the brain are these structures located in?

The Hypothalamus is located near the pituitary gland.  The function of the Hypothalamus is releasing hormones, regulating body temperature, food intake, water balance, heart rate, blood pressure (BP), the menstrual cycle, and circadian rhythms. The Hippocampus is located in the temporal lobe. And its functions are long term memory, particularly of places and this is also used for learning purposes as well.   

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Expert's answer

The hypothalamus is located below the thalamus, near the pituitary gland.  It forms the ventral part of the diencephalon. The hypothalamus controls the regulation of various metabolic processes and other activities of the autonomic nervous system. The hypothalamus regulates body temperature, hunger, thirst, parenting (release of oxytocin), fatigue, blood pressure, water balance, sleep, and circadian rhythms. The hippocampus is a part of the limbic system. It is located under the cerebral cortex in the medial temporal lobe. The hippocampus controls the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory, as well as spatial memory.

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