A puzzling fnding is the correlation between ingroup-outgroup overlap and self-ingroup overlap. This correlation was not signifcant in any other sample. Its meaningfulness is substantiated by the correlation between the respective difference items, r =250, p =.004; it seems therefore due to the intergroup situation, not to the overlap items. We can only speculate that it is related to the special meaning of the German identity, which has often been observed to have a negative connotation for Germans. This negative connotation may be attenuated by a high overlap between ingroup and outgroup, which in turn allows a higher overlap between self and ingroup.