Answer to Question #247975 in Sociology for Silindokuhle Zulu

Question #247975
Describe what notion of health inequalitu entails and discuss the gender related health inequalities experiences in South Africa
Define the sociological term 'stigma' and discuss briefly how its affect people experiencing illness
Discuss the socio economic experiences ofthe family and some of the ways covid 19 have affected different households.
Expert's answer

a)     Health inequities are alterations in health status or in the spreading of health assets between different populace groups, arising from the communal circumstances in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. Health inequities are one-sided and could be condensed by the right synthesis of government policies. Health inequalities go beside the ethics of social justice because they are not inevitable. They do not happen accidentally. They are communally determined by circumstances largely beyond an individual’s control.

  In South Africa gender health inequality has created more barriers for girls and women, most gender-equitable programming targets girls and young women specifically as leaders and beneficiaries, while rejecting boys and men as devotees for change.  In addition, women and girls carry the majority of the care and domestic burden in South Africa, they are less likely to be employed in the formal, are less likely to be able to influence government policy, and experience high levels of violence.

b)     According to the Canadian sociologist Erving Goffman, he describes the term 'stigma' as the 'situation of the person who is banned from full social acceptance'. Goffman acknowledged that 'shifts have transpired in the kinds of dishonor that arouse concern'. Stigma and discrimination can contribute to worsening symptoms and reduced likelihood of getting healthy among people experiencing illness. This is because stigma leads to negative effects on recovery among people diagnosed with severe mental illnesses has it makes them to have reduced hope of getting well.

c)     Socioeconomic experiences of the family can be defined as family income, parents' education level, and parents' occupational prestige. This definition has been widely used in the academic research, and the present study used it to measure family. Higher family is also associated with increased self-regulatory behaviors, academic performance, and sense of well-being and less impulsive decision making, learned helplessness, stress, and psychological distress in young folks.

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a difficult economic astonishment that has affected households.covid-19 also affected different households has it made many people to lose their jobs thereby lowering their standards of living.

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