1. What are the social developments of the following:
a. Hunting and gathering
b. Horticultural and pastoral
a) Hunting wild animals, catching fish, and harvesting wild fruits, berries, nuts, and vegetables are the primary or exclusive food sources for these societies. All human cultures were hunter-gatherers until around ten thousand years ago, when humans domesticated plants and animals.
b) Horticultural civilizations use basic equipment to cultivate crops, whereas pastoral societies rear cattle. Thanks to the employment of plows, oxen, and other equipment, these communities can cultivate many crops. They are richer and have a greater level of conflict and inequality than horticultural and pastoral cultures.
c) When humans began to domesticate plants and animals 10,000 years ago, agricultural societies arose. Families and larger groups were able to form communities and move from a nomadic hunter-gatherer existence reliant on gathering and hunting for survival by developing domesticity.
d) Increasing output and productivity by incorporating technology or upgrading industrial techniques is a win-win situation.
e) The term "post-industrial society" refers to a period in society's evolution where the service sector creates more income than the manufacturing sector. From the production of products to the supply of services, the economy transforms.