Answer to Question #177256 in Sociology for AMIT VIKAS MALKAR

Question #177256

1. Explain how GLOBE study has helped managers across the world understand the complex relationship between culture and organizational success. 


1
Expert's answer
2021-04-06T09:34:17-0400


           The Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE), is a project framework that was carried out by 170 researchers focusing their studies on 17, 000 managers in 62 random countries across the world. The main aim of the GLODE study was to understand different cultures across the world and their preference for leadership styles, the study yielded results that were analyzed and the countries were grouped into clusters based on their preferred leadership profiles (Mansour et al.,2006). The GLODE study comes up with the following seven main clusters; the Anglo cluster, the Confucian Asia cluster, the Germanic Europe cluster, the Nordic Europe clusters, the Latin America cluster, the Middle East cluster, and the Sub-Saharan cluster (Dorfman et al.,2004).

           The GLODE study considered six main leadership profiles that included charismatic, team-oriented, participative type, human-oriented, autonomous, and self-protective leader (Dorfman et al.,2004). Based on the cluster groups and leadership profiles from the GLOBE framework, managers looking into undertaking leadership roles in various parts of the world can gauge their leadership style and align with the desired styles that will be accepted by the people they are leading.

           The Anglo cluster requires a leader with high charisma, human-oriented and participative, the leader has to have also medium autonomous and team-oriented skills with low self-protective skills (Dorfman et al.,2004). The Confucian Asia cluster requires a leader with high team-oriented, human-oriented and self-protective, the leader has to have also medium autonomous and charismatic skills with low participative skills. The Germanic-Europe cluster requires a leader with high charisma, autonomous and participative skills, the leader has to have also medium human-oriented and team-oriented skills with low self-protective skills. The Latin-America cluster requires a leader with high charisma, team-oriented and self-protective skills, the leader has to have also medium human-oriented and participative skills with low autonomous skills (Dorfman et al.,2004). The Middle-East cluster requires a leader with only high self-protective skills, the leader has to have also medium human-oriented and autonomous skills with low self-protective, charisma, and participative skills. The Nordic-Europe cluster requires a leader with high charisma and participative skills, the leader has to have also medium autonomous and team-oriented skills with low self-protective and human-oriented skills. Lastly, the Sub-Saharan Africa cluster requires a leader with only high participative skills, the leader has to have also medium human-oriented, charismatic, and team-oriented skills with low autonomous skills (Dorfman et al.,2004).

           The GLOBE framework outlines the clusters of various countries in the world with their preferred leadership profiles based on the culture of the region, the preferred profiles emphasize what each manager must have in their skill sets to promote their management roles as they carry out their duties in various parts of the world and thanks to GLOBE study, managers can learn the culture of a given region as they prepare to take duties. The success of a manager equals the success of the organization and by understanding the culture of the environment, management will always work based on the preference of the people hence the organization will eventually succeed.


 

References

Dorfman, P., Paul J. Hanges, and Brodbeck F. C. . 2004. Leadership and Cultural Variation: The identification of culturally endorsed leadership profiles. Culture, Leadership, and Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 669–720.<b><span style="color: windowtext;"><o:p></o:p></span></b>

Mansour Javidan, Peter W. Dorfman, Mary Sully de Luque and Robert J. House, (2006). In the Eyes of the Beholder: Cross-cultural Lessons in Leadership for Project GLOBE. The Academy of Management Perspective, February, 20(1). Pp. 67-90

 

 

 


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