Answer to Question #108137 in Psychology for Leah

Question #108137
When psychology was first established as a science separate from biology and philosophy, the debate over how to describe and explain the human mind and behavior began. Throughout psychology's history, a number of different schools of thought have thought have formed to explain human thought and behavior. These schools of thought often rise to dominance for a period of time. While these schools of thought are sometimes perceived as competing forces, each perspective has contributed to our understanding of psychology.

With reference to the above statement, discuss the various theoretical orientations or schools of thoughts, highlighting the similarities and differences in these orientations
Expert's answer

Psychodynamic theories observe individuals as dynamic entities where problems in adulthood are rooted back to the early years of the individuals. In the theory, parental upbringing and the type of experiences people acquire in their early years are significant in their adulthood behavior and illnesses. The psychodynamic theory is similar to Cognitive-Behavioral which argues that people's personalities come from social learning in childhood development, development, and reinforcement of cognition. In contrast, the Humanistic theory provides a diverse illustration of human cognition. Unlike the two first theories, the humanistic approach declares that despite what the person experiences and how they form their coping mechanisms, they are responsible for the actions they take. 

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