A. The judicial branch of government is the third part of the trias politica. South Africa has an independent judicial authority. Independence implies that the courts must apply the law impartially. Of the factors listed below which one is regarded as the most important factor contributing to the independence of the judiciary:
1. Appointment procedure for judges
2. Interpretation of constitutional requirements
3. Establishment of the equal court
4. Decision upon disputes among the national and provincial spheres of government
Appointment procedure for judges is regarded as the most important factor contributing to the independence of the judiciary. So, the correct answer is 1.