As a result of competition and enmity among the European nations, wars erupted where the nations in question fought against each other. The wars lead to the destruction of property, resources, weakening of economies while at the same time claiming the lives of many. The European integration started after the Second World War ceased, whereby nations decided to come together by laying down their differences. This paper will discuss European Integration.
The Nazi Germans were the actual culprits behind the tragic armed conflict. At the end of the second world war, the European nations wanted to pacify everyone, which would help economies come back on their feet. The European nations were well aware that only working towards reviving their economies is the only technique for future developments. As a result, a program that came to be known as the European Recovery Plan, alias the Marshall Plan, involved the United States aid to Europe following the second world war's shocking effects. The Marshall Plan was mainly focused on the infrastructure and economic development of Western European nations that President Harry Truman signed. The nations who were integrated to receive the aid following the Marshall Plan totaled 16. Among the 16 European nations including but not limited to Norway, Britain, West Germany, France, Netherlands, and Belgium (HISTORY, 2021).
The nations came together to facilitate a collective defense mechanism as well as social, cultural, and economic collaboration. The Treaty of Paris, for example, revolutionized industrialization in Europe through the coal and steel community, which was to necessitate the regulation of the European Markets. The European Coal and Steel Community boosted the European member states' growth, improving people's living standards (Europejskiporatla.eu., 2021).
The cooperation of the European nations encouraged the members to join hands to enhance the political position as well as the collective defense. Through the collaboration, the European nations' foreign policies and trading markets were championed through the European Political Community. The Treaties of Rome was successful in eliminating the trading restrictions and barriers in the Western European Nation' economies and markets, enabling free movement of resources, people, food, and services. The Single European Act treaty gave life to the Treaties of Rome by enhancing the decision-making processes that streamlined the political cooperation and the European market by incorporating technology, science, and the economic, socio-cultural, and governance (ESG). The fall of communism led to the formation of the European Union Treaty aimed to help the European nations attain sustainable development. Regulation of the issues raised in the European Union Treaty, the Amsterdam Treaty was initiated. However, the Amsterdam treaty was deficient given the fact that the members were growing in number, which resulted in the Treaty of Nice. Free movement of people in neighboring nations was facilitated by the Schengen Agreement eliminating all borders restrictions and barriers (Europejskiporatla.eu., 2021).
Europejskiporatla.eu. (2021). History of European Integration - The European Portal of Integration and Development. Retrieved 13 April 2021, from <span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:200%;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; background:white">http://europejskiportal.eu/history-of-european-integration/</span>.
HISTORY. (2021). Marshall Plan. Retrieved 13 April 2021, from <span style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:200%;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; background:white">https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/marshall-plan-1</span>.