Answer to Question #61163 in Molecular Physics | Thermodynamics for DEVENDRA SINGH
The factors that cause a process to be irreversible are called irreversibilities. They include
• unrestrained expansion,
• mixing of two gases,
• heat transfer across a finite temperature difference,
• electric resistance,
• inelastic deformation of solids, and
• chemical reactions.
The presence of any of these effects renders a process irreversible. A reversible process involves none of these.
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