Answer to Question #145991 in Electromagnetism for Besmallah Yousefi

Question #145991
A Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer is a powerful tool utilizing electric fields to determine the mass of ions emitted/ejected from the surface of a sample. As shown in figure 1 below, a laser can be focused onto a sample of ejected ions can be accelerated by an electric field to a high transparency grid after which they continue with a constant velocity to the detector.
If the sample -> grid distance is 10mm and a potential difference of 50 volts is applied between them,
(i) calculate the electric field accelerating the ions.
If negative ions are to be detected as n figure 1 and the grid is grounded.
(ii) what is the potential of the sample with respect to ground?
Expert's answer

i) Electric field

ii) Potential of sample with respect to ground is 50V because grid is grounded.

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