Answer to Question #2995 in Statistics and Probability for Andre Figueiredo
Suppose a sample of n = 25 items is drawn from a population described
by a Normal distribution with standard deviation σ = 15, and that the
sample mean of the 25 values is 96.4. Derive a 95% confidence interval
for μ, the (unknown) mean of this distribution, and use your confidence
interval to test, at the 5% significance level, the hypothesis H0 : μ = 100
against the general (two-sided) alternative H1 : μ = 100.
95% confidence interval can be constructed in such way: Upper limit: x + 1.96* σ/√n = 96.4 + 1.96* 15/√25 = 102.28 Lower limit: x - 1.96* σ/√n = 96.4 - 1.96* 15/√25 = 90.52 90.52 < μ =100 < 102.28 - thus at the significance level 5% the hypothesis H0 : μ = 100 is not rejected.