Answer to Question #166115 in Statistics and Probability for Sunera Shakthi

Question #166115

Bad gums may be evidence of a bad heart. Researchers have discovered that 85% of people who have suffered a heart attack had periodontal disease, an inflammation of the gums. Only 29% of healthy people have this disease.

a) Suppose that in a certain community, heart attacks are quite rare, occurring with only 10% probability. If someone has periodontal disease, what is the probability that he or she will have a heart attack?

b) If 40% of the people in a community will have a heart attack, what is the probability that a person with periodontal disease in this community will have a heart attack?


1
Expert's answer
2021-02-25T00:42:06-0500

Solution:

a) We will assume that the statistics above part a) apply to this community. Then let us denote H - heart attack, D - periodontal disease. We are given:


,


We need to calculate the probability of Heart Attack, given that person has Periodontal Disease.

Using the law of conditional probability:



We get:


P(H|D) is what we need to find.


or


b) Assuming the statistics above the a) are correct for this case. We are given the following:


and we basically need to calculate the same probability as in a) but with different given values:



It can mean either that all people who have Periodontal Disease will have a heart attack or that statistics presented above a) is incorrect.


Answer:

a) , or

b) 1 or statistics are incorrect


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