"Research Design in exploratory studies must be flexible but in descriptive studies it must minimise the bias and maximize the reliability? discuss ?(please answer in 200 to 250 words)
Exploratory research is all about the provision of insights into and around the comprehension of the researcher’s problem. On the contrary, descriptive research looks into the description of various study characteristics and functions. Ideally, exploratory studies discover insights and concepts. The design is therefore flexible enough for the consideration of different elements within its components.
Descriptive research, by its definition, implies following a conclusive study pattern. This pattern relates to the description of participant traits as linked to the general population. This instance encompasses specific descriptions, functions, and features within the concerned population. The researcher should then aim at a narration of factual information. The descriptive nature of such a component is to obtain complete and accurate data for the study. The method adopted in this case then follows a carefully planned pathway where researchers define indicators of measurement.
Overall, the process follows a formulation of research objectives, the design of data collection methods, and sample selection. They then look into data collection, analysis, processing, and result dissemination. This way, exploratory research remains flexible while descriptive research is rigid in nature. In addition, exploratory research is unstructured while descriptive research follows a structured trajectory. Such explanations then connect to the idea that exploratory research has a flexible research design. However, descriptive studies exhibit designs targeting optimum reliability and minimum bias.