Why British parliament decided the partition of Bengal?
The British government's main argument in favor of division was administrative ease, arguing that Bengal was too large a province to be successfully controlled. However, the government's true motivation was political and economic, hidden under the purported rationale of administrative convenience. On the basis of official files, correspondence, and secret documents, it can be concluded that the British needed Assam to expand economically. Partition was conceived with the political goal of quelling Bengal's rising tide of nationalism. Curzon hoped to disrupt the Bengalees' political unity by removing various parts of the province. Risly's remark that "Bengal united is a power, Bengal divided will pull numerous different ways" demonstrates this. Another reason for the Partition was to instill a sense of communalism. In truth, the Muslim-dominated parts of Bengal were divided from Bengal in order to sow discord between Hindus and Muslims. In the newly constituted region of ‘Eastern Bengal and Assam,' Hindus had been reduced to a minority. As a result, Curzon's government aimed to reduce Bengal's strength by dividing the two populations, Hindus and Muslims.