Answer to Question #205432 in History for Limpho Madikgetla

Question #205432

ILLUSTRATE the “Social city” diagram that explains an important component of the garden-city theory. Subsequently DISCUSS the theoretical principles of the garden-city model as illustrated in the diagram

Expert's answer

The garden-city theory is a commonly used urban planning method. The theory primarily is based on the functional division of the different components entailed in urban planning, that ensure optimal use of the available pieces of land in a sustainable manner. The garden-city theory key aspects or rather components include proper and visionary leadership, proper and functional segmentation of the available piece of land for the better good of the community, and most importantly the proactive engagement of the entire community. The garden-city theory was coined by Ebenezer Howard in the early 19th century, a theory that has proven its relevance as well as significance in the recent world.

Some of the concepts that Ebenezer Howard integrated into social cities models, were primarily to ensure complete communal functionality of the available land. Moreover, the effective implementation of the main concept of garden-city theory ensured the sustainability of the entire social city is upheld to the highest standards. One of the main models that were developed by the author of the garden–city theory is the Portland regional plan. The plan was strategic in the fact that the model dictated a functional segmentation of the available land to ensure proper partitioning of living area, industrial area, and ample pieces of land for agriculture and agro-forestry, (Brown, 2018). These being some of the main concepts of garden-city theory ensure the quality of life of the community is healthy and short of any unnecessary redundancies in an environmentally sustainable manner. The model gives different land apportioning to ensure each main factor within the garden –city theory is captured to the maximum.



In a different social-city model by Ebenezer Howard of the Crystal, Palace city includes very vivid aspects that are core to the bases of the garden-city theory. The theory ensures an intricate balance between the built environment and the natural environment with each given enough room for sustainable expansion. The crystal palace model ensures the community gets the most of both the built and natural environment hence better air quality, better food quality as well as optimal shelters and working conditions, (Clevenger & Andrews, 2017).










Brown, E. (2018). Revisiting To-Morrow: A Contemporary Interpretation of Ebenezer Howard's Celebrated Garden City Model (Master's thesis, University of Waterloo).

Clevenger, S. M., & Andrews, D. L. (2017). 'A Peaceful Path to healthy Bodies: The Biopolitics of Ebenezer Howard's Garden City. Urban Planning, 2(4), 5-9.


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