Answer to Question #192819 in History for mar

Question #192819

Why might this chart be a useful source to help explain why the internal slave trade

was known as the Second Middle Passage?

2. (Close reading) Slave traders captured and forced approximately four hundred

thousand Africans onto ships to the United States during the Middle Passage.

According to this document, how many slaves did traders sell across state lines from


Expert's answer

The term “middle passage” refers to the fact that the slave trade was part of a three-legged process:

  1. Products from Europe were shipped to Africa, and used to purchase captured Africans who are sold into slavery.
  2. Slaves are shipped from West Africa to the West Indies, and sold for raw material.
  3. The raw material from the West Indies were shipped back to Europe, to made into products.

The term “second middle passage” refers to the mass movement of slaves from outside the American South to the south, to support the explosive growth of the cotton industry

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