Explain Indus: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro;( town planning; citadel; public spaces and ritual bathing; Indus artwork; Indus writing system)
The name Mohenjo-daro is reputed to signify “the mound of the dead.” The archaeological importance of the site was first recognized in 1922, one year after the discovery of Harappa. Subsequent excavations revealed that the mounds contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus civilization.
The Harappan and the Mohenjodaro cities were known as well-planned cities because: The settlement was divided into two sections: Citadel (built on a higher elevation) and Lower Town. The Citadel was walled and separated from the Lower Town. The Lower Town was also walled.
The Indus Valley religion is polytheistic and is made up of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. There are many seals to support the evidence of the Indus Valley Gods. Some seals show animals which resemble the two gods, Shiva and Rudra. Other seals depict a tree which the Indus Valley believed to be the tree of life.