The Andes comprise a series of elevated plateaus consisting of higher peaks that contribute to a mountainous region of South America covering up to 5500 miles. The Andes Mountains have had a profound influence on local cultures, the economy, and settlement patterns. The people of South America develop historic cultures based on connections they attribute to landscapes. The Andes Mountains has provided security for communities against natural phenomena and attacks from hostilities (Hammer, 2005). In terms of infrastructure, the Andes Mountains have influenced patterns of transport. For instance, to enable communication through the vast regions, the government builds networks of roads through the Andes. Tourists visit the Andes Mountains to enjoy activities, cultures, and excursions. Tourist activities provide revenue for the locals and the government. Geological and Scientific researchers visit the Andes Mountains to understand the topography of the area (Hammer, 2005).
Hammer, M. S. J. (2005). The Andes Mountains. København: I kommission hos Munksgaard.