The listening process involves the use of either top-down and bottom-up strategies. Identify the strategy used in each of the following scenarios. (4 marks)
3.1 Grade 3 learners listen to a teacher’s instruction on how to make a kite.
3.2 Audiences listening to a radio talk show debate on strategies to implement at schools to prevent the spread of corona virus amongst learners.
3.3 Mourners listen to a programme director reading an obituary of a family member at a memorial service.
3.4 Students listen to a lecture on derivational morphology.
3.1 - bottom-up listening strategy
3.2 - top-down listening strategy
3.3 - top-down listening strategy
3.4 - bottom-up listening strategy