Answer to Question #155780 in English for Thabile 19,21

Question #155780

19.

Narrow definitions of conventional concepts, such as “norms”, “values”, “culture” and 

“anomie” are questioned by the … criminological perspective.

1.

classical 

2.

postmodern 

3.

neo-classical 

4.

positivistic 

20.

Research has found that factors such as age composition, urbanisation, household 

size, ethnic heterogeneity, standard of living and income inequality, have a small and 

statistically insignificant association with: 

1.

Culture

2.

Race

3.

Norms

4.

Morals

21.

In theory development, providing a meaningful and logically consistent explanation for 

the relationship between two or more facts, refers to:

1.

Plausibility 

2.

Evidence of validity

3.

Falsifiability

4.

Predictability


1
Expert's answer
2021-01-19T05:54:12-0500

19.4. positivistic

The positivist perspective in criminology looks to internal or external influences on individuals as the primary cause of criminal behaviour. It is the nature of the person, not nurture, that results in criminal propensities. It can be influeced by culture, values and norms

-Anomie is a condition of instability resulting from a breakdown of standards and values or from a lack of purpose or ideals.(normlessness)

-cultural criminology seeks to understand crime through the context of culture and cultural processes.

-Social norms are the unwritten rules of beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that are considered acceptable in a particular social group or culture.


20.1.Culture

Cultural theories of crime provide distinct frameworks to understand the influence of human agency, social forces, and peers on behavior. It also have some insignificant relationship with factors such as age composition, urbanisation, household size, ethnic heterogeneity, standard of living and income inequality,


21.1.Plausibility

It is the quality of seeming reasonable or probable. Involves providing a meaningful and logically consistent explanation for the relationship between two or more facts,

Plausibility allows for consideration of theory, or empirical studies that are of reasonably high quality yet fall short of the gold standard as evidence.


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