Answer to Question #236136 in Mechanical Engineering for Asad Sulehri

Question #236136

1. What are the functions of different components of a typical expansion joint?


1
Expert's answer
2021-09-14T01:54:05-0400

In a typical expansion joint, it normally contains the following components:

joint sealant, joint filler, dowel bar, PVC dowel sleeve, bond breaker tape and cradle bent.

Joint sealant: It seals the joint width and prevents water and dirt from entering the joint and causing dowel bar corrosion and unexpected joint stress resulting from restrained movement.

Joint filler:It is compressible so that the joint can expand freely without constraint. Someone may doubt that even without its presence, the joint can still expand freely. In fact, its presence is necessary because it serves the purpose of space occupation such that even if dirt and rubbish are intruded in the joint, there is no space left for their accommodation.

Dowel bar: This is a major component of the joint. It serves to guide the direction of movement of concrete expansion. Therefore, incorrect direction of placement of dowel bar will induce stresses in the joint during thermal expansion. On the other hand, it links the two adjacent structures by transferring loads across the joints.



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